الگوی مصرف فعال و غیر فعال سیگار در جمعیت بالغین: مطالعه جامعه نگر کرمان (KERCADRS)

Prevalence of Active and Passive Smoking among Adult Population: Findings of a Population-Based Survey in Kerman (KERCADRS), Iran


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دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمان
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نویسندگان: حمید نجفی پور , فاطمه میرزائی پور , میترا شادکام فرخی , علی میرزازاده

کلمات کلیدی: Cigarette smoking, Active smoking, Passive smoking, Coronary artery disease risk factor

نشریه: 49686 , 1 , 8 , 2016

اطلاعات کلی مقاله
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کد مقاله 96000410
عنوان فارسی مقاله الگوی مصرف فعال و غیر فعال سیگار در جمعیت بالغین: مطالعه جامعه نگر کرمان (KERCADRS)
عنوان لاتین مقاله Prevalence of Active and Passive Smoking among Adult Population: Findings of a Population-Based Survey in Kerman (KERCADRS), Iran
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آیا مقاله از طرح تحقیقاتی و یا منتورشیپ استخراج شده است؟ بلی
عنوان نشریه (خارج از لیست فوق)
نوع مقاله Original Article
نحوه ایندکس شدن مقاله PubMed
آدرس لینک مقاله/ همایش در شبکه اینترنت

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Background: Smoking is one of the major modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Our aim was to report the pattern of active and passive smoking using the data collected through a population -base household survey in Kerman, Iran [(KERCADRS) Kerman Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors Study]. Methods: Using a cluster random sampling design, we recruited 5900 adult persons (15-75 years old) into our survey. After consenting, every participant was interviewed by a trained interviewer. The section for smoking included questions about daily (smoking at least one cigarette per day), non-daily, past and passive cigarette smoking as well as the duration of the exposure. We used Kerman population distribution (as the target population) to adjust our estimates using direct standardization method. Findings: Overall, 8.3% of study participants (15.5% in men vs. 0.8% in women, P = 0.010) reported themselves as daily smokers and an additional 1.7% (2.9% in men vs. 0.4% in women, P = 0.010) as nondaily smokers. The passive smoking was common in total (27.5%), while women experienced more exposure than men (30.1% vs. 25.0%, P = 0.010). In daily smokers, 3.2% smoked more than 20 cigarettes per day. Among passive smokers, 62.6% were exposed to cigarette smoke more than 6 days per week. Conclusion: Smoking is pretty common among adult populations, particularly in men. A majority of tobaccofree young adult women are exposed to passive smoking. Age and gender oriented interventions are required to change this risk pattern in Kerman community to prevent from further smoking related morbidities and mortalities.

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نویسنده نفر چندم مقاله
حمید نجفی پوردوم
فاطمه میرزائی پورسوم
میترا شادکام فرخیپنجم
علی میرزازادهششم

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